Legislation

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Designation : Directive 94/9/CE on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres

Type of legislation : European directive

Subject : Safety

Description :

Directive 94/9/EU, generally known as ATEX Product Directive or ATEX 95 (ATEX = ATmosphères EXplosibles, Eng: EXplosive ATmospheres) is a European Directive, which came into force in July 2003. The main aim is protection against explosion, not only in electrical areas, but also in mechanical areas. It became the Protection Against Explosions ordinance in Germany (11th Regulation of the Equipment and Product Safety Law GPSGV) and committed manufacturers of resources, which might result in a danger of ignition in explosive atmospheres, to grade their equipment into safety levels based on the properties of the substances. In refrigeration, this means that numerous components such as compressors, heat exchangers, or valves have to be evaluated in relation to their ignition danger. As in the case of all European directives of the "new concept", a conformity assessment has to be carried out , which means that the CE mark can be given (see also Pressure Equipment Directive)". See also : ATEX 137, 1999/92/EU. 94/9/EG for download

Designation : Directive 99/92/CE on minimum requirements for improving the safety and health protection of workers potentially at risk from explosive atmospheres

Type of legislation : European directive

Subject : Safety

Description :

Directive 99/92/EU, generally known as ATEX 137 (ATEX = ATmosphères EXplosibles, Eng: EXplosive ATmospheres), is a European Directive, which came into force in October 2002. The main aim is protection against explosion, not only in electrical areas, but also in mechanical areas. It became the Operational Safety Directive (BetrSichV) in Germany, and requires t plant operators to prepare and maintain a prevention of explosion document. This must include how risks starting from explosive atmospheres are judged considering the individual resources, their use and operational environment. Based on this, a breakdown of the zones endangered by explosion risk is undertaken, depending on the frequency and duration of explosive atmospheres. The compilation of a protection from explosions document is obligatory prior to commissioning new plants. See also: ATEX 95, 94/9/EU. 99/92/EG for download

Designation : Directive 2004/108/CE on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility

Type of legislation : European directive

Subject : Safety

Description :

Directive 2004/108/EU concerning electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is a European directive and replaces its predecessor, 89/336/EEC from 20. July 2007, The aim of the EMC is to give protection against electromagnetic interference from equipment. In Germany this became the Law on Electromagnetic Compatibility of Equipment (EMCL). This law is applicable to all equipment, systems and plants which contain electrical or electronic components and controls their being brought into circulation and operation as far as their jamming transmissions and resistance to jamming. The main requirements of EMC are: electro magnetic interference should not impede the functionability of radio or telecommunications; units must have a certain degree of immunity against electromagnetic interference, that it enables them to function, within the range of their intended use without unacceptable interference. As with all European directives of the "new concept", conformity inspection for the units concerned must be carried out, which can then be given the CE mark (see also Pressure Equipment Directive) 2004/108/EG for download

Designation : Directive 73/23/EEC on the harmonization of the laws of Member States relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits

Type of legislation : European directive

Subject : Safety

Description :

73/23/EEC, known as low voltage directive, is a European directive. It has existed since 1973 and has until now only been changed in respect of the CE mark by Directive 93/68/EEC. It is intended to revise it. The aim of 73/23/EEC is to improve the safety of electrical equipment. It applies to electrical resources for use at a nominal voltage between 50 and 1000 V for AC and between 75 and 1500 V for DC. The low voltage directive has been converted into German law by the first ordinance of the Equipment and Product Safety law (GPSGV). As in the case of all European directives of the "new concept", a conformity assessment has to be carried out , which means that the CE mark can be given (see also Pressure Equipment Directive).73/23/EWG for download 

Designation : Directive 2002/95/CE on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment

Type of legislation : European directive

Subject : Environment

Description :

Die RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances) Directive is a European directive which came into force in February 2003. Its aim is to reduce the use of dangerous substances in electrical and electronic equipment. It concerns substances such as lead, cadmium, chrome VI, mercury and the flame retardant PBB (polybrominated biphenyl) and PBDE (polybrominated diphenyl ether). Their use has been prohibited in quantities greater than,0.1 weight percentage per homogenous substance in electrical and electronic equipment, with few exceptions, since 1. July 2006. This means in refrigeration that components which as such are not affected by the RoHS Directive, but are intended for installation in equipment which fall into these categories also have to be free of the named substances. This includes, for example, compressors for domestic refrigerators and freezers. Monitoring and control equipment such as thermostats are not within the scope of the RoHS, but in the WEEE Directive. As in the case of all European directives of the "new concept", a conformity assessment has to be carried out, which means that the CE mark can be given. This concerns manufacturers, sellers and importers of electrical and electronic equipment. In Germany, the RoHS Directive was incorporated into national law through the Electrical Law (ElektroG), which came into force in March 2005. 2002/95/EG for download

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